Listening Unit 4
New words / Phrases
Sự phù phiếm
For some fashion tastes of excitement and style, and for others it stinks of money, vanity and exploitation.
Some people understand the vanity of human pretensions in the face of death.
/ɪkˈsplɔɪtid/ _ /ˌeksplɔɪˈteɪʃn/
Bị bóc lột, lợi dụng
Sự bóc lột, sự lợi dụng
Starvation and poverty are the result of global economic exploitation, not in lack of resources.
If you were exploited , it means someone took advantage of you for some reason.
Nông cạn, hời hợt, bề nổi Sự nông cạn, sự hời hợt
The world of fashion can be superficial, there is far too much money involved and some people do end up getting exploited.
For one person fashion is an art form, for another it’s just about superficiality.
Today we can all – or nearly all – dress in silk and velvet if we want.
Velvet material can be made from several different types of fibers, both natural and synthetic.
Take pride in
Tự hào về
We’re a creative animal, and we take pride in the things we have around us.
She takes pride in her work and it shows in her products.
From a moral point of view
Xét trên phương diện đạo đức
From a moral point of view, would you say that the fashion world is healthy?
From a moral point of view, human cloning is unacceptable.
To be bound to
Chắc chắn là
Fashion is a big business and there are bound to be negative aspects to it.
The leaking fuel tank was bound to explode sooner or later.
My T-shirt is a Cyber-Goth futuristic style.
There are 15 futuristic inventions and technologies that actually exist today.
Punk in Camden is constantly evolving in the twenty first century.
The company has evolved into a major chemical manufacturer.
To be made up of
Được tạo thành từ
Camden Market is made up of many different markets.
The car was made up of various steel parts.
Bắt đầu, khởi nghiệp
When we started out on this investigation, I never dreamed we would uncover so much.
He started out as a salesperson before turning to poetry.
You are going to listen to the recording between the journalist and Ms Ann - a fashion designer and then answer the following questions.
According to Ann's opinion, decide whether the statements from 1 to 5 are True or False.
We all need clothes.
A fashion designer should help people to be others like superstars.
In the past, fashion was only for rich people.
Playboy never makes clothes for the children’s market.
Ann totally agrees that “Fashion should be about dressing, not undressing”.
Choose the best answer for the questions from 6 to 8.
Who are mentioned as the examples that clothes can send signals?
What makes Ann worried about when she mentions children fashion?
What is NOT TRUE about Avalon philosophy?
You are going to watch the video and then answer the questions from 9 to 14.
Why was the first market of Camden Market called Camden Lock?
What is NOT TRUE about Punk fashion?
What is NOT TRUE about British fashion?
How long has Punk fashion existed?
How often London Fashion Week is held?
What is TRUE about Cyber-Goth?
Listen to the recording again with the tapescript
Ann, the word fashion means such different things to different people. For some it tastes of excitement and style, and for others it stinks of money, vanity and exploitation. For one person fashion is an art form, for another it’s just about superficiality. Which view is right, do you think?
Well of course, all those points of view can be right. The world of fashion can be superficial, there is far too much money involved and some people do end up getting exploited. But fashion can also be one of the things that makes life richer, brighter – more worth living.
My starting point as a fashion designer is that clothes are a necessity. We can’t do without clothes any more than we can do without food. What fashion design does, is to turn necessity into art. It’s human nature, I suppose. We’re a creative animal, and we take pride in the things we have around us – whether it’s the food we eat, the houses we live in or the clothes we wear.
Is fashion only for the rich?
Well, in earlier times it certainly was. It was a way of telling the rest of the world how important you were. Just think of those kings and queens in their silks and velvets. Today we can all – or nearly all – dress in silk and velvet if we want, or at least something that looks like it. So we don’t have to waste our energy showing people how rich we are any more. We can rather show people who we are. For me, that’s the job of the fashion designer – to help people find clothes that allow them to be themselves.
So clothes are about sending the right signals?
That’s right. We all send signals with the clothes we wear. We can’t send signals. The business woman in a well-cut suit, the nerd in the anorak, the girl in the low-riding jeans and clingy top – they’re all making a statement about themselves. The important thing is that we should be comfortable with the signals we send and feel that they really speak for us.
Would you say that the fashion world is healthy – from a moral point of view?
Look – fashion is big business and there are bound to be negative aspects to it. Like any other business. For me one of the sad developments is the sexualisation of the younger market. In the teenage market there’s a growing tendency towards more provocative clothes for girls, and I don’t think that’s doing them any favors at all. The worst thing is that this has even reached the children’s market. When you can find the Playboy “bunny” logo on children’s clothing and bras designed for eight-year-olds, it seems to me things have gone too far. Parents have got to keep their eyes open.
Can you sum up the Avalon philosophy?
Sure – we believe that you don’t have to choose between being dowdy and being provocative. You can look good – yes, and sexy – without having to show your cleavage. Somebody said “Fashion should be about dressing, not undressing”, and I agree 100%. Dignity is a keyword here. And I don’t think it is an old-fashioned word. Men have always been allowed to keep their dignity when it comes to dress. But women are often expected to exploit their bodies in a way that leaves no dignity at all. Just think of some of these high street advertisements for women’s clothes!
Watch the video again with the transcript
Camden Market is made up of many different markets. The first market was called Camden Lock because it was next to the canal. It first opened in 1972 and is now one of the largest markets in the UK.
Half a million people visit Camden market each week. And with hundreds of stalls, there’s something for everyone. But Camden is best known for fashion and famous for punk.
Everyone knows what punk fashion is but 30 years ago it didn’t even exist. Clothes like this seem quite normal now. In the 1970’s it shocked many people because it had never been seen before.
Punks were young people who were anti-government, anti-popular music and anti-fashion. Punk music was loud, wild and about breaking all the rules. Punk style was the same.
Punk’s created their own cheap fashion with torn clothes, safety pins and spiky hair.
Punk fashion is still here today and it’s still about rejecting ordinary fashion and standing out, but there are lots of ways of looking different.
Camden isn’t the only place for fashion. London Fashion Week, held twice a year, is a great place to see clothes by British designers and the latest new fashion trends.
British fashion is very important; creatively, it’s very important all around the world. Lots of the kind of fashion trends that you and I end up wearing started out on the catwalks in London.
British fashion is different from the fashion that comes from different countries around the world. Often the shape of the clothes is a bit more aggressive - maybe a bit sharper and we try to come up with looks that are a bit more imaginative so possibly they’re less wearable, less classic clothing, but always very exciting.
Back in Camden there are still many other fashion trends. People mix different ideas and create new looks. Another style that really stands out is Cyber-Goth. So this is one of Europe’s biggest Cyber-Goth shops. What’s a Cyber-Goth? Take a look at these.
So Jack, what exactly is a Cyber-Goth?
A Cyber-Goth is someone that doesn’t think about what other people think about them. And it’s someone with a very strong fashion sense. It’s kind of a mixture of varied stuff; like punk, Goth and American surfing scene.
So, talk me through the influences of your look, the hair?
Well, my hair is a really, really lovely creation I think. It takes everything from the punk style like colorful stuff - really standing out.
My T-shirt is a Cyber-Goth futuristic style. It’s an exo-tubes top - which means like, it shows the inside of my body.
I really like the American surfing scene - I’m really into that. So I wanted something to remind me of that so I chose these really, really baggy trousers.
And finally the belt?
Twenty-first century.So punk may be thirty years old but here in Camden it’s constantly evolving in the twenty first century.