Vocabulary

Workplace Safety
Chào mừng các bạn quay lại với bài học từ vựng số 8 trong khoá Tiếng Anh Nâng Cao. Trong bài học hôm nay, các bạn sẽ được tìm hiểu về các từ mới liên quan tới chủ đề "Workplace Safety" (An Toàn Tại Nơi Làm Việc). Các bạn lưu ý nhé, các bạn hãy lắng nghe cách đọc của từng từ, từng câu ví dụ, rồi lặp lại theo mẫu. Và với mỗi từ, các bạn hãy tự luyện tập bằng cách đặt thêm cho mình những ví dụ sinh động khác nữa nhé!
Chúc các bạn có một bài học thật lý thú và bổ ích!
I. New Words

I. Personal Protective Equipments (P.P.E) and First Aid in the workplace.

Protective Clothing:
/prəˈtektɪv ˈkloʊðɪŋ/
n. phr.
Quần áo bảo hộ
A benefit of protective clothing is that it identifies workers in a given area. A lab coat could be considered protective clothing in a chemical lab, and individuals wearing ones can be identified as chemists.
Earplugs:
/ˈɪrplʌɡz/
n.
Bịt tai
Earplugs are ideal for a quiet night's sleep or for those who work in particularly noisy places, like at construction sites or on a railroad train.
Hard hat:
/hɑːd hæt/
n. phr.
Mũ bảo hộ
The hard hat is one of the most recognizable pieces of safety equipment in the industrial workplace. It’s also one of the most important pieces of safety equipment because it protects the brain.
Safety shoes:
/ˈseɪfti ʃuːz/
compound n.
Giày bảo hộ
There are so many people who work in the construction industry still questioning whether or not they have to wear safety boots.
Hair net:
/her net/
n.
Mạng tóc, lưới bảo vệ tóc
Safety and health regulations require that you wear a hairnet when working in the food production area.
Safety goggles:
/ˈseɪfti ˈɡɑːɡlz/
compound n.
Kính bảo hộ
Safety goggles are designed to withstand impact from common workplace hazards and to provide the minimum level of protection required in the workplace.
Dust mask:
/dʌst mæsk/
compound n.
Mặt nạ chống bụi
Using the wrong mask for a job can present a significant and possibly deadly danger as many dust masks with widely varied levels of protection may look similar.
Apron:
/ˈeɪprən/
n.
Cái tạp dề
Today, my workplace was issued aprons. I then became the first and only employee in the history of the business to set an apron on fire while using the grill.
Coveralls:
/ˈkʌvərɔːlz/
n.
Bộ áo liền quần để dùng trong công việc nặng nhọc
Coveralls are professional uniforms for construction, labor, and industrial workers, which are worn for protection from dirt and dust.
Face shield:
/feɪs ʃiːld/
compound n.
Mặt nạ chắn
A professional face shield protects your face from flying debris while working.
(Full-body) safety harness:
/fʊl ˈbɑːdi ˈseɪfti ˈhɑːrnɪs/
compound n.
Dây đai bảo vệ toàn thân
Full body safety harnesses are an important safety device if you work from heights which could cause catastrophic injury as the result of a fall.
Respirator:
/ˈrespəreɪtər/
n.
Mặt nạ phòng hơi độc
The firefighters wore respirators to help them breathe easily in the smoke-filled house.
Smoke detector:
/smoʊk dɪˈtektər/
compound n.
Máy phát hiện khói
When you buy a smoke detector, you assume it will sound quickly in a fire, giving you plenty of time to escape.
Fire alarm:
/ˈfaɪər əˈlɑːrm/
compound n.
Chuông báo động cháy
If a fire starts in a workplace, the sound of the fire alarm will tell workers to leave the building.
Emergency exit:
/iˈmɜːrdʒənsi ˈeksɪt/
compound n.
Lối thoát hiểm
I've worked in a variety of places that had emergency exits, and all of them had alarms on us.
Warning light:
/ˈwɔːrnɪŋ laɪt/
compound n.
Đèn cảnh báo
Modern cars have an array of dashboard warning lights to let drivers know when something’s wrong.
Fire extinguisher:
/ˈfaɪər iks'tiɳgwiʃə/
compound n.
Bình cứu hỏa
A portable fire extinguisher can save lives and property by putting out a small fire or containing it until the fire department arrives.
First aid kit:
/fɜːrst eɪd kɪt/
compound n.
Bộ sơ cứu
The contents of a first aid kit vary depending on the type of kit, and where and what it is intended for.
Sling:
/slɪŋ/
n.
Băng đeo, dây quàng
Slings can be used for many different injuries, but most are often used when you have a broken or dislocated arm or shoulder.
Splint:
/splɪnt/
n.
Thanh nẹp
A splint is made of hard material, probably plaster, that usually is only on one side of your arm or hand, even though the elastic bandage wraps all the way around your arm.
Antiseptic:
/ˌæntiˈseptɪk/
n.
Chất khử trùng
Antiseptic is used to sterilize the skin before giving an injection.
Gauze pad:
/ɡɔːz pæd/
compound n.
Miếng gạc
A gauze pad is a piece of gauze fabric used to guard a wound, to absorb blood or other fluids, to rub cleansing fluids, such as rubbing alcohol or iodine.
Adhesive bandages:
/ədˈhiːsɪv ˈbændɪdʒz/
n. phr.
Miếng dán y tế
Adhesive bandages protect and keep wounds clean; quick healing; available in various shapes and sizes; available individually or by bulk.
Ice pack:
/aɪs pæk/
compound n.
Túi chườm lạnh
I often recommend that my patients use ice packs on the affected joint in order to minimize inflammation and reduce pain, especially with a newly inflamed joint.

II. Unhealthy conditions in the workplace.


Temperature extremes:
/ˈtemprətʃʊr ɪkˈstriːmz/
compound n.
Nhiệt độ cao
To ensure that workers work in safe and healthful workplaces, the reduction and control of temperature extremes should be of primary concern to employers.
Cramped working conditions:
/kræmpt wɜːrkɪŋ kənˈdɪʃn/
n. phr.
Điều kiện làm việc chật chội
Cramped work conditions stifle employees’ creativity whereas working in an airier, less constricted workplace was found to stimulate their brains more and boost their ability to think 'outside the box'.
Poor ventilation:
/pɔːr ˌventɪˈleɪʃn /
n. phr.
Thông gió kém
When workers suspect their health problems are caused by poor ventilation in their work areas, workers should see their doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Wrong chair for the job:
/rɔːŋ tʃer fər ðə dʒɑːb/
n. phr.
Ghế ngồi làm việc không phù hợp
Scientists believe that an office employee using the wrong chair for the job leads to injury, emotional stress, breathing problems, insomnia and lack of productivity in the workplace.
Standing for long periods:
/ˈstændɪŋ fər lɔːŋ ˈpɪriədz/
n. phr.
Đứng trong một thời gian dài
Standing for long periods at work while pregnant may curb the growth of the developing fetus, new research indicates.
Loud noise:
/laʊd nɔɪz/
n. phr.
Tiếng ồn lớn
If your employees are exposed to loud noise at work, you must make a noise risk assessment of the danger to their hearing.

III. Common expressions


Turn on/off sth:
/tɜːrn/
Bật / Tắt
Turn off machines and equipment before you even consider cleaning, oiling, adjusting, or moving them.
Prevent/stop sth/sb from:
/prɪˈvent/ /stɑːp/
Ngăn ngừa, ngăn chặn
Many corporations and organizations throughout the United States have instituted programs to help employers prevent from violence in the workplace.
Protect sth/sb from:
/prəˈtekt/
Bảo vệ
While employees should be protected from arbitrary action, employers are entitled to satisfactory conduct and work performance from their employees.
Warn sb to V:
/wɔːrn/
Cảnh báo cho ai đó về cái gì đấy
He warned me to keep away from that machine.
Tie sth around sth:
/taɪ/
Buộc cái gì quanh cái gì
When your arm is unfortunate to be broken, immobilize it further by making a sling out of a towel or shirt and then tying it around your neck.
Wrap sth around sth:
/ræp/
Quấn, bọc cái gì quanh cái gì
Avoid placing the ice directly on your broken arm by wrapping a clean towel around your arm.
IV. PRACTICE
Vocabulary Quiz
Introduction

UNIT 8 - VOCABULARY

WORKPLACE SAFETY

TiếngAnh123.com

Tổng số câu hỏi
26
Điểm tối đa
260
Tỷ lệ cần đạt
50%
Điểm yêu cầu tối thiểu
130
Vocabulary Quiz
Question 1 of 26\ Matching

Click the protective item that the worker in the picture is wearing:

Click the protective item that the worker in the picture is wearing:

Click the protective item that the worker in the picture is wearing:

Click the protective item that the worker in the picture is wearing:

Click the protective item that the worker in the picture is wearing:

Click the protective item that the worker in the picture is wearing:

Match each workplace danger with the equipment that protects against the danger:

 

1
Gloves
2
Respirator
3
Apron
Dust or chemicals in the air
Chemicals splashing the body
Cuts on the hands

Match each workplace danger with the equipment that protects against the danger:

 

1
Hard hat
2
Earplugs
3
Goggles
Objects hitting the eyes
Falling objects
Loud machine noise

Match each workplace danger with the equipment that protects against the danger:

 

1
Respirator
2
Hair net
3
Safety shoes
Falling objects
Hair getting caught in machines
Chemical fumes

Match each first aid item to its function:

 

1
Splint
2
Gauze pad
covers burns, cut, or small would.
holds a broken bone straight.

Match each first aid item to its function:

 

1
Antiseptic
2
Adhesive bandage
cover a small cut.
prevents infection in cuts.

Match each first aid item to its function:

 

1
Tweezers
2
Sling
supports an injured arm or hand.
helps pull out small, sharp objects.

Check the correct reason for each statement.

Some factory workers wear hair net because ______.

 

their hair can get pulled into a machine
they need to perform their professional performance to their boss

Check the correct reason for each statement:

Auto body repair workers often wear earplugs because _______.

 

repair shops can be very cold in winter months
noise from power tools can damage their hearing

Check the correct reason for each statement:

Machine workers usually wear goggles because _____.

 

they can see better and do their work more exactly
sparks or pieces of metal can fly into their eyes

Check the correct reason for each statement:

Some farmers wear respirators because _____.

 

insect-killing chemical sprays can hurt their lungs
respirators feel very comfortable on the face

Complete each sentence with the name of the safety item that is needed:

If a fire starts in a workplace, the sound of the ____ will tell workers to leave the building.

Complete each sentence with the name of the safety item that is needed:

There is always a ____ in a fast-food kitchen, where cooks work all day with hot oil, grills, and ovens.

Complete each sentence with the name of the safety item that is needed:

Every workplace needs a _____ in case a worker gets injured or sick on the job.

Complete each sentence with the name of the safety item that is needed:

At a construction site, a _____ keeps workers from falling into the excavation.

Click the health problem which the worker is facing in the following situation

Click the health problem which the worker is facing in the following situation

Click the health problem which the worker is facing in the following situation

Click the health problem which the worker is facing in the following situation

Click the health problem which the worker is facing in the following situation

Click the health problem which the worker is facing in the following situation

Your result
Tổng số câu hỏi
26
Điểm tối đa
260
Tỷ lệ cần đạt
50%
Điểm yêu cầu
130
Điểm của bạn
Thời gian làm
260
 
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