Vocabulary

Culture Diversity
Sự đa dạng trong văn hóa luôn có một sức hấp dẫn lớn đối với tất cả mọi người. Văn hóa không bó hẹp trong đường biên giới của mỗi nước mà ngày càng trờ thành tiền đề của việc hội nhập và hiểu nhau của các quốc gia. Bài học từ vựng ngày hôm nay sẽ giới thiệu với các bạn về từ và ngữ liên quan về chủ đề này nhé!
I. New Words
Cultural exchange:
/ˈkʌltʃərəl ɪksˈtʃeɪndʒ/
n. phr.
Trao đổi văn hóa
With activities in festival, we hope to provide an opportunity that can benefit both Vietnamese students and a range of foreign tourists, as well as improving the cultural exchange between Vietnam and the world.
Cultural integration:
/ˈkʌltʃərəl ɪntɪˈɡreɪʃn/
n. phr.
Hội nhập văn hóa
Cultural integration eliminates conflicts arising from cultural differences by organizing events to connect the values of different communities.
Cultural assimilation:
/ˈkʌltʃərəl əˌsɪməˈleɪʃn/
n. phr.
Sự đồng hóa về văn hóa
Cultural assimilation is when you adopt a culture as part of your own. This usually happens when you move to another country, and sometimes even another state.
Cultural difference:
/ˈkʌltʃərəl ˈdɪfrəns/
n. phr.
Sự khác biệt văn hóa
It is essential for you to be aware of cultural differences in communication, for example, to know the correct way of addressing and greeting your business partners, your boss and your colleagues; always use last names and titles unless you are invited to do otherwise.
Cultural misconception:
/ˈkʌltʃərəl mɪskənˈsepʃn/
n. phr.
Hiểu lầm về văn hóa
William Cruz showed how differences in non-verbal communication cause cultural misconceptions. For example, Friendly touching is common in Latino culture, however it is not accepted in Northern European culture to touch another person while talking with them.
Cultural specificity:
/ˈkʌltʃərəl spesɪˈfɪsəti/
n. phr.
Nét đặc trưng văn hóa
Trau Cau is one of Vietnamese cultural specificities. The Vietnamese people use Trau Cau to worship ancestors at every wedding ceremony in the hope that the bride and the groom would live together forever.
Cultural uniqueness:
/ˈkʌltʃərəl juˈniːknəs/
n. phr.
Nét độc đáo trong văn hóa
A unique geographical position has given India a chance to develop a unique culture and this cultural uniqueness is a big ‘pull’ factor for travelers from different countries who visit this amazing country.
Cultural festival:
/ˈkʌltʃərəl ˈfestɪvl/
n. phr.
Lễ hội văn hóa
The annual cultural festival aims to honor the Cham people’s values and cultural identities and provide an opportunity for Cham ethnic minority groups to strengthen their solidarity.
Cultural heritage:
/ˈkʌltʃərəl ˈherɪtɪdʒ/
n. phr.
Di sản văn hoá
With a group of temple-towers of Cham people, an imperial city during the Champa kingdom, My Son Sanctuary is a cultural heritage and tourist attraction in Vietnam.
Culture shock:
/ˈkʌltʃər ʃɑːk/
n. phr.
Sốc về văn hóa
Culture Shock basically comes from a lack of understanding and builds up anxiety. So it is very important to try to understand the culture religion and people of the country that you are travelling to and a little research before you leave will help tremendously.
National identity:
/ˈnæʃnəl aɪˈdentəti/
n. phr.
Bản sắc dân tộc
National identity of Vietnam is very unique. One of the most basic components is the Vietnamese language. Many Vietnamese are tremendously proud of their language and its complexities. Each Vietnamese need to know how to preserve and develop it.
Civilization:
/ˌsɪvələˈzeɪʃn/
n.
Nền văn minh
The civilization of the Ancient Egypt was one of the most spectacular of the ancient world, with many demonstrations of their power including the Pyramids.
Prejudice:
/ˈpredʒudɪs/
n.
Định kiến, thành kiến
After Vietnam War in 1975, Many South Vietnamese, who worked in the south government, were imprisoned in reeducation camps. After being released from the prisons; they have had a lot of prejudice from people of the North.
Ritual:
/ˈrɪtʃuəl/
n.
Lễ nghi
Vietnam’s Hung Kings worshiping ritual in Phu Tho province becoming part of the world’s intangible cultural heritage reflects the importance to the Vietnamese people of ancestor worship.
Acculturation:
/əˌkʌltʃəˈreɪʃn /
n.
Sự tiếp nhận và biến đổi văn hóa
Acculturation refers to the processes that occur when different individuals or groups of people meet and exchange aspects of their culture. Due to advances in technology, there has been a significant increase in the interactions among different cultures.
Folk culture:
/foʊk kʌltʃər/
n. phr.
Văn hóa dân gian
The Vietnamese folk culture has always evolved on the basis of the wet rice civilization. Thus, the lifestyle of the Vietnamese population is closely related to its village and native lands.
Oral tradition:
/ˈɔːrəl trəˈdɪʃn/
n. phr.
Truyền miệng
Histories and stories of a people that come to us in a spoken and sung form are part of what is called an oral tradition.
Ethical standard:
/ˈeθɪkl stændərd/
n. phr.
Chuẩn mực đạo đức
Teachers' duty is to help foster civic virtues of students such as honesty, responsibility, cooperation, loyalty, and respect-for the law. Therefore, teacher should act with conscientious effort to exemplify the highest ethical standard.
Race conflict:
/reɪs kɑːnflɪkt/
n. phr.
Xung đột sắc tộc
Racial conflicts have become the serious challenge of many Companies in America. To deal with racial conflict in the workplace, companies need to confront perceptions of racism; rather than ignore or pretend it doesn’t happen.
Racism:
/ˈreɪsɪzəm/
n.
Chủ nghĩa phân biệt chủng tộc
The Unites States government implemented a number of laws to ensure racism no longer affects society. However, it still remains in many segments of the population in crime, job discrimination and especially education.
Wonder:
/ˈwʌndər/
n.
Kỳ quan
Ha Long Bay in the northern province of Quang Ninh has been named one of the world’s new seven wonders of nature, according to a global poll announced this morning by the New 7 Wonders Foundation.
Intangible cultural heritage of humanity:
/ɪnˈtændʒəbl kʌltʃərəl herɪtɪdʒ əv hjuːˈmænəti/
n. phr.
Di sản văn hóa phi vật thể của nhân loại
At the 6th Meeting of the Inter-governmental Committee for the Conservation of Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO held in Bali, Indonesia, Vietnam’s Xoan singing in Phu Tho was officially recognized by UNESCO as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in need of urgent protection.
Historic site:
/hɪˈstɔːrɪk saɪt/
n. phr.
Di tích lịch sử
Today Tallahassee is a vibrant and modern city. The capital of one of the nation's most progressive and largest states, it offers an array of historic sites that reflect the rich cultural heritage of Florida.
Ancient monument:
/ˈeɪnʃənt ˈmɑːnjumənt/
n. phr.
Di tích cổ
Besides visiting ancient monuments and tombs, coming to Hue, you can also have a chance to bathe and lying under the sun on the most wildly beautiful beaches in Vietnam.
Show prejudice (against smb/smt):
/predʒudɪs əˈɡeɪnst/
v. phr.
Thể hiện thành kiến (với ai, cái gì)
Most companies show prejudice against the obese and the peak is the decision of the Citizens Medical Center in Texas that is not to hire obese applicants.
Assimilate:
/əˈsɪməleɪt/
v.
Đồng hóa
The most prominent feature of the Vietnamese culture is that it was not assimilated by foreign cultures thanks to the strong local cultural foundations.
Discriminate (against smb):
/dɪˈskrɪmɪneɪt əˈɡeɪnst/
v. phr.
Phân biệt đối xử (với ai)
Once you have been accepted as a pupil or student at the school or college, it's against the law for them to discriminate against you because of your religion or belief.
Eliminate:
/ɪˈlɪmɪneɪt /
v.
Loại trừ
Strong leadership can increase the level of connectedness students feel to each other while at the same time eliminate the cultural borders that may exist that serve to foster intergroup tension.
Integrate:
/ˈɪntɪɡreɪt/
v.
Hội nhập
In this tendency of globalization, Vietnam has opportunity to integrate and exchange with other cultures in the world in order to enrich and affirm its own identity.
Exchange:
/ɪksˈtʃeɪndʒ/
v.
Trao đổi
To exchange culture between Vietnamese and regional and international students and youths, it is need to develop programs financed by the fund for Vietnamese artists, scholars, cultural activists, journalists, etc. to participate in international cultural competitions on arts, painting, and music.
To be well-preserved:
/´welpri´zə:vd/
Được giữ gìn, bảo tồn tốt
Thanks to rapid advancement in the field of archaeology and monument preservations, most of the historical edifices of Athens are very well preserved.
To be derived from:
/dɪˈraɪvd frɒm/
Được bắt nguồn từ
Greek and Latin are the predominant sources of the international scientific vocabulary. Over fifty thousand English words are derived from the Greek language.
To be distorted:
/dɪˈstɔːrtid/
Bị bóp méo, xuyên tạc
If your thoughts and beliefs are distorted, your emotions will reflect these distortions. For example, you feel guilty; you must have done something wrong.
To be handed down:
/tu bi hændid daʊn/
Được lưu truyền
Xoan singing is a vocal art of villages in the ancestral land of Phu Tho. It has been handed down for generations and the oral tradition is still very much alive today.
To be imbued with national identity:
/tu bi ɪmˈbjuːd wɪθ ˈnæʃnəl aɪˈdentəti/
Đậm đà bản sắc dân tộc
The objective of the orientation is to promote the role of inhabitants and communities in the development of a modern architecture imbued with national identity and the creation of a sustainable living environment.
To be at risk:
/ tu bi æt rɪsk/
Có nguy cơ, nguy hiểm
The latest Heritage at Risk register revealed that 5,831 listed buildings, monuments, archaeological sites, and landscapes in England are at risk of being lost.
IV. PRACTICE
Vocabulary Quiz
Introduction

UNIT 9 - VOCABULARY

CULTURE DIVERSITY


TiengAnh123.com

Tổng số câu hỏi
24
Điểm tối đa
240
Tỷ lệ cần đạt
50%
Điểm yêu cầu tối thiểu
120
Vocabulary Quiz
Question 1 of 24\ Matching

Match the meaning with the correct word



1
Cultural difference
2
Cultural misconception
3
Cultural specificity
Nét đặc trưng văn hóa
Sự khác biệt văn hóa
Hiểu lầm về văn hóa

Match the meaning with the correct word



1
Cultural exchange
2
Cultural integration
3
Cultural assimilation
sự đồng hóa về văn hóa
trao đổi văn hóa
hội nhập văn hóa

Match the meaning with the correct word



1
Wonder
2
Historic site
3
Ancient Monument
Di tích cổ
Kỳ quan
Di tích lịch sử

Match the meaning with the correct word



1
Cultural uniqueness
2
Cultural festival
3
Cultural heritage
Di sản văn hóa
Lễ hội văn hóa
Nét độc đáo trong văn hóa

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

Vietnamese youths have taken the lead in ____ with their peers in the world and the region, introducing to them the traditional values of the Vietnamese culture.

cultural misconception
cultural exchange
cultural specificity

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

There are still _____ between Vietnam and other water-rice cultures like Thailand, Laos, Indonesia, India and so on.

cultural integration
cultural assimilation
cultural differences

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

The purpose of this course is making employees aware of cultural differences and help them learn how to correct their _____ and avoid potential errors.

cultural heritages
cultural misconceptions
cultural differences

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

Vietnam has got its own _____ which are interesting to evoke as we can guess about what kind of people Vietnamese are and learn lessons from it.

cultural specificities
cultural misconceptions
cultural differences

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

This year, Vietnam was host to the festival, so it had the colors of a Vietnam _____, with the theme "Vietnam - land of dragons".

cultural exchange
cultural uniqueness
cultural festival

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

There is no solution to _____ except to try to learn the culture, and the way to do that is to watch and listen while withholding judgment for a while.

cultural exchange
cultural shock
cultural festival

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

The culture of Vietnam, an agricultural _____ based on the cultivation of wet rice, is one of the oldest in East Asia.

civilization
prejudice
oral tradition

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

Many Chinese have had to face _____ and discrimination from other sectors of the American population.

acculturation
prejudice
oral tradition

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

The most important _____ event in Vietnamese society is the celebration of the Lunar New Year when families gather to welcome the coming of the new year and pay their respects to family ancestors.

ritual
ethical standard
wonder

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

Vietnam has evolved a rich _____ of myth and legend. For example, King Lac Long Quan, and the enchanting mountain fairy Au Co produced one hundred offspring.

acculturation
ethical standard
oral tradition

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

In late 2011, Xoan singing was recognized as an _____ in Need of Urgent Protection by UNESCO.

acculturation
ethical standard
intangible cultural heritage

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

In recent years, Vietnamese culture has strongly _____ into the world’s culture.

prejudiced against
integrated
eliminated

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

The most noticeable feature of the Vietnamese culture is that it was not _____ by foreign cultures thanks to the strong local cultural foundations.

assimilated
discriminated against
eliminated

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

Parents are critical in establishing the _____ for their family and children. They must act as role models and set standards of conduct based on the society they live in.

ancient monuments
ethical standards
race conflict

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

Many of the region's modern dances from all over the world were _____ Spanish folk dances.

at risk
imbued with national identity
derived from

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

Sometimes the information was badly _____ because of the purpose of a group of people. They don’t really vote for the current government’s decision.

distorted
imbued with national identity
handed down

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

“The task of building a culture which is _____ will be heavy in the coming time, the Government leader emphasized.

distorted
imbued with national identity
at risk

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

The oil painting has been identified by experts and now it is _____ .

derived from
imbued with national identity
well-preserved

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

Students who think they or someone they know is being _____ in school should talk to an adult who can help, such as a teacher, school counselor, or lawyer.

derived from
discriminated against
handed down

Choose the best answer to complete the following sentence.

 

In Wales, most _____ bring no economic benefit to landowners, but their continued preservation adds to the richness of the landscape and culture of Wales.

acculturation
folk culture
ancient monuments
Your result
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